There are six characteristics of good readers, according to NCACASI. Good readers grasp: conventions, comprehension, context, interpretation, synthesis, and evaluation. When readers use each of the six traits they are, in essence, reading the lines, reading between the lines, and reading beyond the lines. The traits are:
• Conventions-Understanding conventions means being able to make sense of words, grammar, and punctuation. When readers learn to identify and recognize conventions, they can understand meaning.
• Comprehension-With comprehension, readers obtain meaning from text. Comprehension occurs when readers make predictions, select main ideas, and understand important details.
• Context-Context involves reading between the lines to identify setting, tone, and the voice of the author. Context also includes placing ideas and concepts in a “bigger picture” to help students see practical applications.
• Interpretation-When readers interpret, they “fill in gaps” in the text, using clues and evidence from the text to analyze problems and draw conclusions.
• Synthesis-Synthesis involves reading beyond the lines, as students must apply and synthesize knowledge from outside the text.
• Evaluation-Evaluation occurs when readers are able to express opinions, ask questions, challenge the text, challenge the author, and note bias and distortion.
Adapted from www.ncacasi.org/jsi/2001v2i1/traits.Ni